# Option time value formula

This is the second part of the article about calculating intrinsic and time value of options.

In the money put option example Now consider a put option giving the owner a right to sell on J. Morgan stock, expiring in December Its strike price is 47 and its market price is 4.

In options trading, time value refers to the portion of an option's premium that is attributable to the amount of time remaining until the expiration of the option contract. The premium of any option consists of two components: its intrinsic value and its time value.

Morgan stock is trading at What is the intrinsic value? The idea is the same as with call options, but now when we exercise the put we are selling the underlying, so we want to sell as high as possible. The strike is 47 in this case and J.

Therefore the intrinsic value is 47 less Out of the money put option example In our last example, we now have another J. Morgan December put, this time with the strike price of Its market price is 2.

## Time Value Definition

Therefore the option is out of the money and has zero intrinsic value. As a result, the whole market price of the option is equal to the time value 2.

Firstly, there is the difference in the direction what you subtract from what when you calculate the intrinsic value between calls and puts. Remember that with calls you are buying the underlying want low pricewhile with puts you are selling it want high price.

Secondly, there is the fact that out of the money options always have the intrinsic value of zero, therefore option time value formula the moment you figure out that an option is out of the moneyyou can tell that its time value is equal to its market price.

What about at the money options?

Now you might be wondering why we have not been talking about at the money options in this article. When an option is exactly at the money, its strike price is equal to the current market price of the underlying. Regardless if it is a call or a put, the intrinsic value is always zero in this case.

As a result, time value is often referred to as an option's extrinsic value since time value is the amount by which the price of an option exceeds the intrinsic value. Time value is essentially the risk premium the option seller requires to provide the option buyer the right to buy or sell the stock up to the date the option expires.

Final note about contract sizes of stock options Throughout the two articles we have been using the examples of J. Morgan stock.

Note that options on individual stocks traded in the US trade in contracts which have a option time value formula of shares of stock. They are however quoted on the per share basis.

Morgan Chase. Similarly, when we calculated a time value of 2.

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